TUBEROUS ROOTS QUALITY OF EXPERIMENTAL WHITE-FLESHED SWEET POTATO GENOTYPES IN COMMERCIAL CROPS

Publicado em 16/02/2022 - ISBN: 978-65-5941-579-3

Título do Trabalho
TUBEROUS ROOTS QUALITY OF EXPERIMENTAL WHITE-FLESHED SWEET POTATO GENOTYPES IN COMMERCIAL CROPS
Autores
  • Guilherme José Almeida Oliveira
  • Bruno Da Rocha Toroco
  • Milene Izilda Souza Coelho
  • Joana Nascimento Merces De Oliveira
  • André Ricardo Zeist
Modalidade
Resumo
Área temática
Melhoramento de Espécies Anuais
Data de Publicação
16/02/2022
País da Publicação
Brasil
Idioma da Publicação
Inglês
Página do Trabalho
https://www.even3.com.br/anais/cbmp2021/414300-tuberous-roots-quality-of-experimental-white-fleshed-sweet-potato-genotypes-in-commercial-crops
ISBN
978-65-5941-579-3
Palavras-Chave
Ipomoea batatas, breeding, superior genotypes, West Paulista
Resumo
The sweet potato crop presents good rusticity and productivity in unfavorable environments, making it a good option for family farmers, both for the food security it promotes and for its commercialization. In recent years the consumption of this tuberous root has increased, so that consumers are increasingly demanding. A more uniform and visually attractive appearance of the roots has been more demanded by national and international markets. The aim of this study was to evaluate qualitative parameters for tuberous roots of experimental genotypes of white-fleshed sweet potato, in order to identify a possible new commercial cultivar. The experiments were conducted in four municipalities in the western region of São Paulo, namely Presidente Prudente-SP (Location 1), Emilianópolis-SP (Location 2), Tarabai-SP (Location 3) and Álvares Machado-SP (Location 4). The experiments in sites 1 and 2 were installed in January 2021 (summer – autumn cycle); and from locations 3 and 4 in March 2021 (autumn – winter cycle). Experimental white flesh genotypes UZBD-L1-04 and UZBD-L5-29, which were pre-selected for productive, pest resistance, and physicochemical characteristics of roots, were evaluated in experiments conducted in 2019 and 2020 at the University of Oeste Paulista. As commercial controls, Ligeirinha, Canadense and INIA Arapey were used, and a block experimental design with randomized treatments in four replications was adopted. The characters evaluated were: average mass of commercial tuberous roots (MMRTC), in g; insect damage (DI) on a scale of 5 to 1, with 5 for damage free and 1 unacceptable for human and animal consumption; and soluble solids (SS) in °Brix; root diameter (DIAM) in cm; root appearance (APAR) through a scale of 1 to 5, with 1 being bad looking and 5 being good. Genotype-environment interaction occurred for the DI and SS parameters, while for the others there was only significance for genotypes. For the experimental genotype UZBD-L1-04, emphasis was observed for all the qualitative parameters evaluated, with local averages of 3.75 and 11.01 °Brix for DI and SS, respectively. Genotype means of 382.78 g; 7.31 cm and 4.38 for MMRTC, DIAM and APAR, respectively. In this way, the UZBD-L1-04 genotype proved to be superior to the controls. The experimental genotype UZDB-L5-29 did not show relevant results. The quality of sweet potato tuberous roots is linked to their acceptance by the consumer, in addition to being better remunerated to the producer. Therefore, the UZBD-L1-04 genotype reached the best qualitative results of the tested parameters, being able to be indicated as a new grow crops.
Título do Evento
11º Congresso Brasileiro de Melhoramento de Plantas
Título dos Anais do Evento
Anais 11º Congresso Brasileiro de Melhoramento de Plantas.
Nome da Editora
Even3
Meio de Divulgação
Meio Digital
DOI
LinkObter o DOI

Como citar

OLIVEIRA, Guilherme José Almeida et al.. TUBEROUS ROOTS QUALITY OF EXPERIMENTAL WHITE-FLESHED SWEET POTATO GENOTYPES IN COMMERCIAL CROPS.. In: Anais 11º Congresso Brasileiro de Melhoramento de Plantas.. Anais...Pelotas(RS) UFPel, 2021. Disponível em: https//www.even3.com.br/anais/cbmp2021/414300-TUBEROUS-ROOTS-QUALITY-OF-EXPERIMENTAL-WHITE-FLESHED-SWEET-POTATO-GENOTYPES-IN-COMMERCIAL-CROPS. Acesso em: 14/06/2024

Trabalho

Even3 Publicacoes